You might be aware that Brazil has the highest coffee production when compared to other countries in the world. It is good to know that Brazilian coffee accounts for more than 70% of the total world production. Brazil has held the top position in coffee production for more than 150 years. Production of coffee in Brazil peaked in 1920. It has been declining slowly since 1950. This is due to increased global production.
The Bestselling Brazilian Coffees Reviewed – December 2020
Origin of Brazilian coffee
Many years after Ethiopia was discovered in 1727, The French Guiana sent a Brazilian lieutenant to settle a border dispute while at the same time finding coffee seedlings. As he was tackling his duties, he seduced the Guiana governor’s wife. It is said that the wife of the Guiana governor gave him a bouquet of flowers that hid the coffee seedlings. No one knew that the occurrence could be the origin of this great empire.
Since this happened, there have emerged more than 10,000 square miles of coffee plantations in Brazil. Most of these plantations are located where there are ideal conditions for coffee production. In the beginning, Brazilian coffee was being taken by colonists in the country. However, the demand for high quality and tasty coffee grew rapidly in Europe. That is when the exports started ramping up.
Unfortunately, Asia was hit by a devastating coffee disease in the 1800s. This gave the Central and South America region a chance it needed to thrive as a coffee region. You can imagine that this country was growing more than 80% of the world total coffee.
After the Asian countries started recovering, the Brazilian percentage of coffee production dropped. Fortunately, it has never lost its place as the world’s largest producer. It is worth noting that the Brazilian government deregulated numerous agricultural industries including coffee industries. This means that coffee farmers had a lot of freedom to experiment. They were allowed to find their own buyers. Farmers were very happy simply because they could sell how they wanted.
In the process, this freedom opened the possibility of purchasing single origin coffees from this country. Additionally, the deregulation is said to have opened the gates of innovation. That is the factor that lead Brazil to become a world leader in coffee research and new processing techniques. Besides being consumed locally, it is exported to other countries.
Interesting facts about Brazilian coffee
The variety of new plant varieties is one of the most interesting contributions of Brazilian research to the world of coffee. While some of the hybrid mutants are cultivated in the laboratories, some of them are specifically designed for specific climate conditions. Caturra is one of the numerous varieties that are now being grown all over the world.
Coffee harvesting methods in Brazil
By and large, Brazil must innovate in their coffee production techniques. They cannot afford not to do that since they want to remain at the top. Unlike in other coffee producing areas such as Ethiopia and Kenya, there is no available low cost labor to do this job. There are no willing workers to work in the extensive plantations. That is the reason why Brazil needs to turn to innovation and technology. When compared to other popular coffee growing regions, these techniques might seem like a vast departure. You can agree with me that indeed we need some fait to see how these methods work.
While in other regions farmers encourage hand selection in terms of quality that is not the case with Brazil. In Brazil, farmers prefer picking all the coffee beans and sorting it out later. You will come across huge mechanical harvesters engulfing the tree more so in flat farms.
These mechanical harvesters are designed in a unique way such that they come with several cylinders that beat the coffee off the tree. It is important to know that this will leave a lot of under ripe and green fruits on the coffee branch. You can strip pick them later after using the mechanical harvester.
If you have been lucky to be in Brazil when coffee is being harvested, then you might have seen some small hand operated harvesters. Usually, these hand operated harvesters use the chassis of a gas weed machine. This hand operated harvester works by vibrating the coffee off the tree. It is an advantage to the person picking the coffee beans since you will be able to harvest the coffee from the inside to the outside of the tree.
However, it is quite hard to find these machines in widespread use. It is quite hard to know whether it is hand-picked or the machine is thrashed slowly by the tendrils in the machine. There is no doubt that most hand picking is strip picking. Typically, all the cherry beans are taken off the tree at once.
Rapid harvesting practices
The role of the farm manager in Brazil plantations is to time the harvesting. This is done to the day when each branch of the cherry has the least green fruit. The perfect day for harvesting coffee is that when there are little dried pod cherries. They should not be very aged to the extent of dropping to the ground or even molding on the tree.
If you have visited Brazil, then you can agree with me that coffee dries on the tree. This is not seen in other places. Although it is partly due to the dramatic and dry climate in Brazil, the Brazilian farmers internationally keep the coffee on the tree. Coffee cherries are left on the tree until the best time to harvest them passes.
In most cases, equipment at wet mill and dry mill are used to sort out the under and over ripe cherries. Over the years, there have emerged three basic operations that result in dried pods and green cherries.
The dried pods will float all the time. They are usually removed with a water bath. Keep in mind that this is the first step in the wet mill. From there, the coffee is put directly on the patio. The main function of doing this is to complete the drying. It will later be husked in one step. This is done to reveal the green bean for example by using the dry processing method.
In the last couple of years, we have witnessed the Brazilian coffee farmers using a pulping machine to separate the under ripe coffee. Although it is quite rare nowadays, some areas are still using the traditional drum. All these methods function by the method of distinct hardness between ripe and unripe coffee cherry.
Unripe coffee bean is very hard such that the application of friction in it will not separate it from the nascent mucilage layer. On the other hand, the mucilage of the ripe fruit is very soft. You can easily peel the skin away. The green coffee fruits will never pass between the slats when using the traditional drum method. Instead, these fruits are washed away by the flow of water. Only the ripe fruits will manage to pass through the separate pulp machine.
Under ripe coffee fruits can be roasted as Quakers. They are separated to be sold for institutional grade coffee. They can also be used for local consumption. You might have heard of a saying that states that if you really want bad coffee, you only need to go to a country that grows it. Low quality coffee is kept in the country since it has been a cash crop for many years now. However, this is slowly changing in this country.
The dry mill solution
There are very few countries that put as much stock in the operations at the dry mill. Most of them use density tables. These density tables can be used to separate light weight coffee. Additionally, the main function of electronic color sorting is to catch yellow or white beans. Away from that, the screening machines are for separating small beans.
This method is mostly used where they have not allowed low quality and under standards coffee to get into the system. In many countries, pickers love re-sorting the coffee cherries at the mill.
The reason why Brazil is the largest producer of coffee
The country leading position in global coffee production is mainly attributed to the large plantation area. This country has good climatic conditions that allow it to grow two main types of coffee beans that include Arabica and Robusta. It is lucrative to the United States of America market when it comes to the coffee exports.
Why Brazil is good for coffee production
It is the country geography that makes Brazil ideal for growing coffee. Most of the coffee growing regions lie within the tropical zone. Additionally, Brazil is very stable. It mostly consists of a hot and humid climate. Also, the rich volcanic soils in Brazil means that all the conditions are prime and perfect for coffee crops.
The amount of coffee consumed in Brazil
According to a methodology that was conducted in 2018, each person in Brazil consumes about 4.8 kg of roasted coffee. It is estimated that coffee consumption from the sources is about 2 million bags.
Places where Brazil coffee is sold
As for now, the largest percentage of Brazil coffee is exported to the United States of America and Germany. It is good to keep in mind that the United States of America is the world’s largest buyer of coffee. It has been discovered that the North American coffee market accounts for more than one quarter of world coffee imports.
The reason why Brazil coffee is the best
In the past, the Brazilian coffee has been praised as soft and low acid coffee. It is said to have chocolate tastes. The sweet chocolate taste makes it an exceptional base for creating flavored coffees. Natural Brazil is one of the most favorite coffees from the country.
Benefits of Brazil coffee
If you want the best, you should choose Brazilian coffee and make sure not to rape its taste too much. In this section, we will take a close look at the numerous benefits of Brazil coffee.
It will give you a bright mind
Caffeine will block one of your inhibitory neurotransmitters when it hits your brain. In turn, your general cognitive functions such as mood, energy, and response times will be boosted. You should be guaranteed of a bright mind if you take Brazilian coffee regularly.
You can attest that caffeine is found in almost every weight loss supplement. Caffeine is one of the very few substances that are associated with burning fat. However, this substance does not work on itself. You will be required to have workouts while at the same time watching your diet.
Brazil coffee will prevent the chances of getting type two diabetes
Type two diabetes is becoming notorious day by day. Brazil coffee will reduce the risk of type two diabetes. However, you should not fool yourself that you will reap all the coffee benefits by adding coffee cream and sugar to coffee. As you do that, keep in mind that the balance will be against you.
It prevents Parkinson disease from developing
It has been discovered that caffeine present in the Brazilian coffee boost dopamine levels in the brain. According to researches that have been done over the years, Brazil coffee will reduce the chances of getting deadly Parkinson by more than 60%.
It minimizes depression
If you have taken Brazil coffee, then you can bring attestations that it made you happier. You should consider taking this coffee if you want to reduce depression. However, you should see your doctor if depression is making your life miserable.
The risk of developing cancer will reduce after taking Brazil coffee
Similar to other types of coffee, Brazil coffee will reduce the chance of developing several types of cancer such as liver and skin cancer.
This is the right time to taste the stunning Brazilian coffee and benefit from the unique taste that comes with it.